Spacious spaces of lawns are lovely, however they take a lot of work and resources. They cannot just happen. In Australia, we have the added complication of scorching dry summers which most lawns don’t like. Lawns need a lot of water, nutrients and time. Lawns are cooling, help us relax psychologically during hot weather and really are a great place to sit and have fun. Our youngsters and pets love lawns, especially to roll and play on.
Many gardeners dream of a soft green lawn but don’t know what maintenance techniques are involved to achieve this look. This short article will probably let you in the tricks of the trade and assist you to create a beautiful green lawn.
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You will find two kinds of grasses cool season and warm season and they both have good and bad points. Cool season grasses such as for example bent, rye or fescue like temperatures between 10-20C and have two growth periods – autumn and spring. They’re lovely and green over winter however they often go brown over summer. It is difficult to keep them green over summer and they might need a lot of water. They’ve a greater leaf, aren’t as robust as the warm seasons grasses and don’t seem to get involved with just as much trouble of warm season species. Cool season grasses multiply by seed or by producing more tillers around the first shoot that arises from the seed. A tiller is the brand new side growth, right close to the parent plant.
Warm seasons grasses this kind of buffalo, couch and kikuyu like warmer temperatures (20-30C) and often die down over winter in colder areas. They like tropical humid conditions and keep their colour over summer. They’re drought tolerant and can tolerate neglect. But they are very vigorous and get can enter into all kind of mischief. Warm season’s grasses spread by stolons and/or rhizomes. Rhizomes are actually compressed stems and one of many big draw backs of these types of grasses are they grow under the ground into your flower beds. Underground runners are very hard to get rid off while they constantly grow back. Warm season grasses are much coarser and could be prickly to sit on. They tend to produce thatch over time.
As with all plants, the roots need oxygen and compaction is the major problem with lawns. Compaction is once the soil particles are pushed together and the moisture and oxygen can’t penetrate the soil. This often happens in high traffic areas such as the path to the clothes line. Compaction causes the grass to struggle and weeds to thrive as weeds can cope with soils with low oxygen. Compaction also causes bad drainage, avoiding the water from soaking into the top soil and moving down profile. Puddles are due to either the pore spaces being packed with water, or the particles are so closely packed together, the water can’t filter through. The grass literally drowns while there is no oxygen!